The life expectancy for men in the United States currently stands at 78.57 years, up from 36.6 just over a century ago. The longer lifespan, though welcome, comes with its challenges. One of which is low testosterone levels as men age. A properly balanced diet, regular exercise, and rest may help older men maintain their strength and vitality. However, there has been a growing need for TRT treatments to increase testosterone levels.
Testosterone and the Age Factor
Testosterone is a hormone produced in the testes responsible for the development of male secondary sexual characteristics, improved muscular strength, and bone health. The hormone levels spike at puberty but naturally decline after the age of 28. The American Family Physician estimates the decline at 1% to 2% annually. The drop in hormones generally needs an average of five to 15 years for a significant loss to be noticeable.
The low testosterone levels present a myriad of signs and symptoms such as low sexual drive, less muscular mass, decrease energy levels, depression, anemia, and increased weight gain. Some risk factors that may increase the chances of low testosterone include diabetes, obesity, chronic illnesses, and medications.
What Is TRT?
TRT is a shortened form for Testosterone Replacement Therapy. It is a hormone replacement treatment regimen prescribed by physicians for persons with low testosterone levels. Medically, TRT is used in the treatment of male hypogonadism. Doctors typically diagnose the low levels through a series of lab tests, including a blood sample analysis.
TRT Drug Administration
Testosterone replacement therapy products come in different delivery options. The efficiency of the various methods may vary from one person to another. Here are some delivery methods that your physician might recommend.
1. Oral Medication
The doctor may offer oral capsules that you can swallow. With increasing concerns about their effects on the liver, pharmaceutical companies have come up with oral disintegrating tablets to stick to your gum line or under the cheek. The hormone is absorbed directly into the bloodstream.
2. Intramuscular Injection
The physician may prescribe testosterone formulations injected into your muscles or under your skin. The dose lasts for seven to 14 days, with the levels peaking after several days and wearing off gradually. You may also get pellets surgically implanted into your muscle. The injectable pellets last for three to six months, with your body slowly absorbing the hormone into the bloodstream.
3. Testosterone Patches
Transdermal patches are applied through the skin once every 24 hours. The patches are available in a variety of doses and sizes. You stick the adhesive side of the skin patch to back, thighs, arms, or stomach.
4. Nasal Gels
You may pump testosterone gels up your nostrils, with the hormone being absorbed directly into the bloodstream. The delivery route reduces the risk of transfer to other persons through skin contact.
5. Topical Creams and Gels
You can spread the hormonal cream or gel on your skin. The body takes in the hormone through the skin directly. The gel packets are applied on the upper arms, shoulders, or thighs. You should wash your hands after the application, and cover the part till the gel dries.
One of the most effective ways of restoring testosterone levels is through TRT. The hormonal replacement methods may differ, ranging from pills to creams and patches. This hormone replacement therapy can help you regain vitality and energy in your life.