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The life expectancy for men in the United States currently stands at 78.57 years, up from 36.6 just over a century ago. The longer lifespan, though welcome, comes with its challenges. One of which is low testosterone levels as men age. A properly balanced diet, regular exercise, and rest may help older men maintain their strength and vitality. However, there has been a growing need for TRT treatments to increase testosterone levels.
Testosterone and the Age Factor
Testosterone is a hormone produced in the testes responsible for the development of male secondary sexual characteristics, improved muscular strength, and bone health. The hormone levels spike at puberty but naturally decline after the age of 28. The American Family Physician estimates the decline at 1% to 2% annually. The drop in hormones generally needs an average of five to 15 years for a significant loss to be noticeable.
The low testosterone levels present a myriad of signs and symptoms such as low sexual drive, less muscular mass, decrease energy levels, depression, anemia, and increased weight gain. Some risk factors that may increase the chances of low testosterone include diabetes, obesity, chronic illnesses, and medications.
What Is TRT?
TRT is a shortened form for Testosterone Replacement Therapy. It is a hormone replacement treatment regimen prescribed by physicians for persons with low testosterone levels. Medically, TRT is used in the treatment of male hypogonadism. Doctors typically diagnose the low levels through a series of lab tests, including a blood sample analysis.
TRT Drug Administration
Testosterone replacement therapy products come in different delivery options. The efficiency of the various methods may vary from one person to another. Here are some delivery methods that your physician might recommend.
1. Oral Medication
The doctor may offer oral capsules that you can swallow. With increasing concerns about their effects on the liver, pharmaceutical companies have come up with oral disintegrating tablets to stick to your gum line or under the cheek. The hormone is absorbed directly into the bloodstream.
2. Intramuscular Injection
The physician may prescribe testosterone formulations injected into your muscles or under your skin. The dose lasts for seven to 14 days, with the levels peaking after several days and wearing off gradually. You may also get pellets surgically implanted into your muscle. The injectable pellets last for three to six months, with your body slowly absorbing the hormone into the bloodstream.
3. Testosterone Patches
Transdermal patches are applied through the skin once every 24 hours. The patches are available in a variety of doses and sizes. You stick the adhesive side of the skin patch to back, thighs, arms, or stomach.
4. Nasal Gels
You may pump testosterone gels up your nostrils, with the hormone being absorbed directly into the bloodstream. The delivery route reduces the risk of transfer to other persons through skin contact.
5. Topical Creams and Gels
You can spread the hormonal cream or gel on your skin. The body takes in the hormone through the skin directly. The gel packets are applied on the upper arms, shoulders, or thighs. You should wash your hands after the application, and cover the part till the gel dries.
One of the most effective ways of restoring testosterone levels is through TRT. The hormonal replacement methods may differ, ranging from pills to creams and patches. This hormone replacement therapy can help you regain vitality and energy in your life.
What comes to mind when someone mentions testosterone? Aggressiveness? Rage? Contrary to common beliefs, testosterone doesn’t play a role in aggressive behavior but instead plays a role in body hair, libido, and muscle mass. Testosterone, a hormone produced in the testis and ovaries, is essential in maintaining bone health, increased muscular mass, and improved sex-drive.
The hormonal levels in males tend to peak at adolescence and continues through the young adult stage. At the age of 27 to 28, the testosterone levels in all adults start to decline and continue to decrease as one ages. The continued decline may lead to a host of endocrine homeostatic issues such as:
- Loss of muscle mass.
- Low libido.
- Brittle bones.
- Loss of body hair.
- Poor concentration and depression.
Advances in the scientific field have found a solution to the low levels of the hormone through testosterone replacement therapy.
Testosterone Replacement Therapy
Hormone replacement involves the process of introducing testosterone to the body as a measure of restoring the normal levels of the vital hormone. The hormone boosters can counter the symptoms associated with hypogonadism. The therapy may include:
- Topical Gels.
- Nasal Gels.
The effectiveness of the treatment options may vary. Consult your physician, who will conduct a series of tests to confirm the testosterone deficiency. From your lab results, the doctor will then recommend the right HRT treatment for you.
Benefits of Using Testosterone Replacement Therapy
1. Increased Bone Mass
Falls and fractures may become increasingly common as you grow older. Osteoporotic fracture in men studies shows that men with low testosterone levels have a higher risk of fractures than the general population. Testosterone increases the levels of growth hormone that increases bone density and maintains bone health.
2. Healthy Heart
Low testosterone levels have long been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). An aging study by MCPHS reported that men with low total testosterone have twice the risk of cardiovascular disease. The researchers found that HRT in the hypogonadal males reduced the CVD mortality rates from 20% to 9.1%.
3. Increased Muscle Strength
The decrease in muscular mass worsens as you age. The process accelerates in bodies with low testosterone due to the endocrine imbalance. Testosterone replacement therapy increases the hormonal levels, which lead to increased levels of growth hormone that builds the muscle. The treatment leads to an overall lean body, with more muscle and less fat, especially when coupled with exercise programs.
4. Improved Sexual Drive
Health experts continue to closely link hypogonadism to the rising cases of erectile dysfunction(ED). Low testosterone levels may lead to low libido, which may end up causing erectile dysfunction. Testosterone pellets may bring back your vitality and improve sexual health.
5. Improved Mood and Quality of Life
Low testosterone levels are closely associated with poor concentration, memory loss, which may lead to depression. Studies on older men show a positive correlation between testosterone levels and cognitive functions such as verbal, visual, and working memory. HRT may offer a confidence boost through improved concentration and memory function, leading to better mental health.
Testosterone plays a critical part in maintaining overall sexual, mental, and physical health. As the levels decline with age, testosterone replacement therapy may help restore the hormone to normal concentrations. You will benefit from increased bone and muscle mass, high libido, and improved quality of life.
We all have different body shapes — some carry weight around their midsection, while others have an “hourglass” shape, where you carry weight in your chest and hips. Body fat distribution is determined in part by environmental factors, like alcohol intake and cigarette use, but it also has a strong genetic component.
Research suggests that body fat distribution has a heritability rate of up to 60%. For those of us that are a little shaky on our high school biology, that means that 60% of the variability in body fat distribution in a population is due to genetics. So, while diet and exercise definitely affect your body fat distribution, you may end up with a body shape similar to your family members.
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